This pronunciation guide is prepared to help those who are seeking ways to improve their pronunciation abilities. The guide is prepared in three levels. The first level, list for pseudo-beginners, contains a list of basic English words commonly mispronounced by the pre-intermediate level of English learners. The second level, list for novices, contains a list of commonly mispronounced frequent words by the intermediate level of English learners. The third level, list for wizards, contains a list of less frequent but likely to be mispronounced words by the advanced learners. The choice of the words for the lists is completely based on the observation and experience of the English instructors.

KEY TO PRONUNCIATION SYMBOLS

VOWELS CONSONANTS

Symbol Key Word Symbol Key Word

/a/ hot, cup/b/ brain
/a:/ father, far/c/ just, education
/æ/ cat, bad/ç/ cheap, achieve
/ay/ fine, nine/d/ day
/aû/ house, hour/f/ face
/e/ bed, set/g/ get
/ey/ eight, safe/h/ hat
/∂/ after, fashion/j/ vision, pleasure
/i/ sit, kid/k/ car
/i:/ need, heat/l/ light
/o/ dog, four/m/ moon
/o:/ go, so/n/ noon
/oy/ toy, boy/p/ pencil
/ö/ bird, dirt/r/ right
/u/ book, put/s/ sit
/u:/ boot, foot/ş/ shoe, ash

/t/ train

/v/ vote

/w/ west

/y/ yes

/z/ zoo



/ð/ they, the

/θ/ three, think

/ŋ/ sing

Note: The symbols used in this key are adapted to Turkish alphabet as close as possible.

LIST FOR PSEUDO-BEGINNERS

WordPronunciation

1. adult /∂dalt/

2. ancient /eynş∂nt/

3. answer /æns∂r/

4. bear(n)-(v) /be∂r/

5. beer /bi∂r/

6. church /çörç/

7. fifteen /fifti:n/

8. foreigner /for∂n∂r/

9. great /greyt/

10.hunger /haŋg∂r/

11.hour /aû∂r/

12.jump /camp/

13.mosque /mask/

14.phone /fo:n/

15.queen /kwin/

16.reliable /r∂lay∂b∂l/

17.Rome /ro:m/

18.scientific /say∂ntifik/

19.soap /so:p/

20.society /s∂say∂ti/

21.soup /su:p/

22.such /saç/

23.talk /tok/

24.won(v2) /wan/

25.zero /ziro:/

LIST FOR NOVICES

Word Pronunciation
  1. acquaintance /∂kweynt∂ns/
  2. adapt /∂dept/
  3. adopt /∂da:pt/
  4. alert /∂lört/
  5. apparent /∂pær∂nt/
  6. apprentice /∂prentis/
  7. appropriate(adj.) /∂pro:pri∂t/
  8. (v) /∂pro:prieyt/
  9. aunt /a:nt/ – /ænt/
  10. beverage /bev∂ric/
  11. breast /brest/
  12. breath(n) /breθ/
  13. breathe(v) /bri:ð/
  14. brigadier general /brig∂di∂r cenr∂l/
  15. bull /bul/
  16. bury /beri/
  17. butcher /buç∂r/
  18. buttock /bat∂k/
  19. cadet /k∂det/
  20. career /k∂ri∂r/
  21. casualty /kæju∂lti
  22. colonel /körnl/
  23. commandant /kam∂ndænt/
  24. commerce /kamörs/
  25. commission /k∂miş∂n/
  26. compass /kamp∂s/
  27. congratulations /k∂ngræc∂leyş∂nz/
  28. contest /ka:ntest/
  29. contestant /k∂ntest∂nt/
  30. convict(n) /kanvikt/
  31. (v) /k∂nvikt/
  32. courageous /k∂reyc∂s/
  33. creature /kri:ç∂r/
  34. deaf /def/
  35. debt /det/
  36. decade /dekeyd/
  37. desert(n) /dez∂rt/
  38. (v) /dizört/
  39. dessert /dizört/
  40. determine /ditörm∂n/
  41. devil /dev∂l/
  42. dome /do:m/
  43. economic /ek∂na:mik/
  44. economy /ika:n∂mi/
  45. encourage /inkaric/
  46. evil /iv∂l/
  47. extra-curricular /ekstra k∂rikyul∂r/
  48. fiance /fia:nsey/
  49. garrulous /gær∂l∂s/
  50. gear /gi∂r/
  51. heir /e∂r/
  52. honorary /a:n∂reri/
  53. inconsiderate /ink∂nsid∂r∂t/
  54. innocent /in∂s∂nt/
  55. lieutenant /lu:ten∂nt/
  56. luxurious /l∂gju∂ri∂s/
  57. luxury /lakş∂ri/
  58. major /meyc∂r/
  59. marksman /ma:rksm∂n/
  60. marvelous /ma:rv∂l∂s/
  61. mayor /mey∂r/
  62. naive /nayi:v/
  63. occur /∂kör/
  64. occurrence /∂kör∂ns/
  65. penitentiary /penitenş∂ri/
  66. perfect /pörfikt/
  67. personnel /pörs∂nel/
  68. portrait /po:rtrit/
  69. postman /postm∂n/
  70. potato /p∂teyto:/
  71. pour /po:r/
  72. promise /pra:mis/
  73. pseudonym /syu:d∂nim/
  74. purchase /pörç∂s/
  75. pyramid /pir∂mid/
  76. quarter /kwo:rt∂r/
  77. receipt /risi:t/
  78. resume(n) /rezumey/
  79. revolution /rev∂lu:ş∂n/
  80. riven /riv∂n/
  81. seize /si:z/
  82. senate /sen∂t/
  83. sew /so:/
  84. sewer /syu:∂r/
  85. sewage /syu:ic/
  86. souvenir /su:v∂ni∂r/
  87. spear /spi∂r/
  88. species /spi:şi:z/
  89. spinach /spiniç/
  90. steak /steyk/
  91. sterile /sterayl/
  92. sweat /swet/
  93. sword /so:rd/
  94. tear(n) /ti∂r/
  95. (v) /te∂r/
  96. tomato /t∂meyto:/
  97. tomb /tu:m/
  98. towards /to:rdz/
  99. treat /tri:t/
  100. treaty /tri:ti/
  101. ultimately /alt∂m∂tli/
  102. vaccine /væksi:n/
  103. worm /wörm/
  104. wound /wu:nd/
  105. yacht /ya:t/
  106. yuppie /yapi/

LIST FOR WIZARDS

Word Pronunciation

  1. accomplice /∂kamplis/
  2. Achilles heel /∂k∂li:z hi:l/
  3. adept /ædept/
  4. adhesive /∂dhi:siv/
  5. annihilate /∂nay∂leyt/
  6. archives /a:rkayvz/
  7. awesome /o:s∂m/
  8. buffet /b∂fey/
  9. callous /kæl∂s/
  10. canine /kenayn/
  11. celestial /s∂lesti∂l/-/s∂lesç∂l/
  12. cement /siment/
  13. connoisseur /kan∂sör/
  14. conspicuous /k∂nspikyu∂s/
  15. conspiracy /k∂nspir∂si/
  16. debut /deybyu:/
  17. dejavu /deyja:vu:/
  18. détente /deytant/
  19. enamel /inæm∂l/
  20. fatality /f∂tæliti/
  21. facade /f∂sa:d/
  22. incisor /insayz∂r/
  23. indict /indayt/
  24. infamy /inf∂mi/
  25. innocuous /inakyu∂s/
  26. invigorate /invig∂reyt/
  27. laureate /lo:ri∂t/
  28. negligence /neglic∂ns/
  29. novice /navis/
  30. parochial /p∂ro:ki∂l/
  31. pervert(n) /pörvört/
  32. (v) /p∂rvört/
  33. petty /peti/
  34. scrutinize /skru:t∂nayz/
  35. scrutiny /skru:t∂ni/
  36. sever /sev∂r/
  37. swave /swav/
  38. tour de force /tu:r d∂ fo:rs/
  39. tsar, tzar /zar/
  40. unabridged /an∂’bricd/
  41. vacant /veyk∂nt/
  42. voucher /vo:ç∂r/
  43. xenophobia /zen∂fo:bi∂/
  44. xylophone /zayl∂fo:n/